Colorectal cancer, commonly known as colon cancer, generally develops very slowly. A person can have the cancer for years without showing any symptoms.
Screening aims to detect and treat colorectal cancer before the onset of signs and symptoms. Usually, at the time of screening, the cancer is at an early stage and the chances of curing it are higher.
Screening is especially for people between the ages of 50 and 74, as the risk of developing colorectal cancer increases from the age of 50.
Screening can begin before the age of 50 for people who have a higher risk of developing colorectal cancer.
In Québec, screening for colorectal cancer in individuals at average risk, without symptoms and other risk factors, is recommanded every 2 years. Screening is done using the immunochemical fecal occult blood test (iFOBT). This test does not show whether you have colorectal cancer or not, but it detects the presence of blood in the stool, which can be a sign of cancer.
When results of an iFOBT indicate the presence of blood in the stool, the doctor recommends another exam called a colonoscopy. This procedure permits the examination of the large intestine to check whether or not there is a cancer.
In the case of individuals at high risk, the doctor determines the screening method according to each person’s particular situation.
If this is your case, discuss with your doctor about recommendations that apply to you.
You can decide whether or not to do a colorectal screening test. It is a personal choice that belongs to you. If you have questions or concerns on the matter, discuss them with your doctor.
Screening reduces the risk of dying of colorectal cancer. For every 1,000 individuals screened, 5 deaths are prevented.
Colorectal cancer usually develops very slowly. Getting an iFOBT every 2 years increases the chances that the cancer is discovered and treated at an early stage. The necessary treatments could also be less aggressive.
In addition, when a colonoscopy is necessary, the doctor can see if there are polyps on the inner lining of the large intestine. Polyps are small masses of flesh that can transform into colorectal cancer. The doctor can thus remove them before they become cancerous.
Despite all the benefits, screening with an iFOBT is not perfect.
Screening allows detection of the cancer when it is in its early stages and increases the chances of healing. However, a number of people die each year from colorectal cancer even if they had a screening.
Of 1,000 people that take an iFOBT, 36 will receive a positive test result and will then have a colonoscopy. Of these 36 people:
Last update: June 22, 2017 2:07 PM
The information on this website by no means replaces the advice of a health professional. If you have questions regarding your health, contact Info-Santé 811 or see a health professional.